Furman and Furman Attorneys LLP

Highly Specialized Criminal Defense, Fire Arms and Self Defense, Personal Injury and Adoption Law Firm
serving clients in Florida and Alabama

Types of Adoption

Arrangements between birth parents and adoptive parents can be categorized as Open, Closed or Semi-Open. These may be outlined in an Adoption Agreement, which is a document in which birth and adoptive parents outline their plans for contact and communication.  This agreement may not always be legally enforceable, so it is best thought of as a covenant promise.

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In an OPEN Adoption expectant parents and adoptive parents agree to a complete exchange of names addresses, phone calls, correspondence, photos, visits or anything else they wish to share.  Both the expectant parents and the adoptive parents may wish to share information that will help answer questions the child may need to know later on, including on-going medical updates.  Open Adoptions also are known as Identified Adoptions.

In a CLOSED Adoption, there is no exchange of names, addresses or anything beyond the anonymous background information needed to qualify the adoptive parents and the medical and social background required by law from the expectant parents. Closed Adoptions also are known as Traditional or Confidential Adoptions.

A SEMI-OPEN Adoption only allows an exchange of information agreed to by both the expectant parents and adoptive parents.  Adoptive parents may agree to send baby pictures and information on the child’s development, interests, health and school on an agreed upon schedule.  The expectant parents may get to meet the adoptive parents if all agree. They may talk at a private location, keeping names and addresses secret in order to assess whether there is a "match" between them and if a Hybrid Adoption fits the needs of all involved. Semi-Open Adoptions are also called Hybrid Adoptions.  A third party or mediator is often involved and information passes through this person.

No adoption agency can guarantee that a couple will be selected by a expectant mother, nor can they guarantee a successful adoption, but the agencies Furman for Families works with have successful records in placing children in adoptive homes.  Some families have adopted more than one child.  These social services have also helped women place more than one child.


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